Greetings and Good Day,
Institutions are “stable, valued, recurring patterns of behavior.” As structures or mechanisms of social order, they govern the behavior of a set of individuals within a given community. Institutions are identified with a social purpose, transcending individuals and intentions by mediating the rules that govern living behavior. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Institution
In light of the actual stalemate in the Lebanese political affairs best expressed by the sharp division between the two failed alliances (14 and 8 March), blocking the illegitimate parliament and impeding the election of a new president of the republic, major scandals do persist and multiply.
This present dissolution of the values and the ethics of the state representatives, be them in the cabinet or in the parliament, inundated so far the public sphere and the national interests with a wave of corruption, incompetence and failure, hence one needs to ask what next?
We all know that there is an ongoing protest, where many representatives of “We The People “ the collectivity of the citizenry and the entirety of the civil society, will try to form beforehand a unified command and structure to express the demands during the demonstration called for Saturday 29 August at 18h00.
Therefore the momentum is ripe to select the right, unified and proper demand or demands of all the people.
Whenever we wish to find institutional solutions, perhaps we need to go through the Lebanese constitution although it has many gaps. In fact the Prime minister doesn’t have the constitutional right to revoke the mandate of a minister or to nominate a new one, only a collective action of the council of ministers can implement this theoretical option, therefore in presence of the drift, schism and dualism within the corrupt and inefficient political class, the constitution offers few or no options to pursue a political solution from within the Republic legal perimeter.
Going through the constitution, We will find that as per article 69 the Government shall be considered resigned in 3 cases, one of these is when the Prime Minister resigns; and we will find also that When the Council resigns or is considered resigned, the Chamber of Deputies shall automatically be convened in extraordinary session until a new Council has been formed and has gained the Chamber’s confidence.
Yet it will be impossible to elect a new president by the illegitimate parliament simply because they can’t agree on one, and this is crystal clear after more than one year of patient waiting.
So if the PM can’t revoke the mandate of acting ministers due to their poor performance as explained in the following link http://www.pcm.gov.lb/arabic/faq.aspx?pageid=41
And he can’t nominate new ones to improve the overall relationship between the cabinet and the constituency, then there is only one solution left and that is his own resignation. As per the constitution the resignation of the PM will be effective if signed by the president of the republic or by the Council of Ministers who shall exercise the authorities of the President by delegation in case of vacancy, which is the truth of the Lebanese conundrum.
One could ask for the implementation of Article 95 of the constitution, where The Chamber of Deputies that is elected on the basis of equality between Muslims and Christians shall take the appropriate measures to bring about the abolition of political confessions according to a transitional plan. A National Committee shall be formed, headed by the President of the Republic, it includes, in addition to the President of the Chamber of Deputies and the Prime Minister, leading political, intellectual, and social figures.
But obviously this is also a very distant approach from where we stand today simply because there is no president to preside and the deputies are all involved in the systemic and methodic robbery of the state and its assets.
Having explained the above and based on it, I can’t see any constitutional openings for the public protest, to go through, therefore the only option left for the population and the collectivity is to reinvent its social act together in a founding desire to move forward in the same nation/state although with different institutions, regulations, and a more practical constitutional framework.
To sum up if Tammam Salam can’t revoke as a first batch , the mandate of ministers to name a few, such as Mohammed Machnouk ( incompetent in the waste issue), Arthur Nazarian ( incompetent in the electricity issue) , Rachid Derbas ( arrogant and offensive ), Nohad Machnouk ( incompetent in erecting a wall of shame), Gebran Bassil ( a protégé of the elite which rendered only havoc and divisions), Ali Hassan Khalil ( a menacing guy ,incompetent in ensuring solutions for public salaries), Wael Abou Faour ( a comedian who transformed health into a bazaar), Hussein hajj Hassan ( who failed to set a standard for industrial waste recycling to benefit Lebanese industries and labor market), Ramzi Jreij ( lunga manus of the militias in embezzling the waste money).
And nominate as their replacement Nadine Moussa ( civil society), Raymond Fadel ( Directorate of Intelligence), Abbas Ibrahim ( general security directorate) and proceed with a cabinet of four that will exit the state from the emergency, then his role is useless and his resignation is the sole option to start the Lebanese transition.
My recommendation to the public protest for Saturday henceforth is to create a unified command, and to ask for a unified demand, the resignation of the PM. The phase that will follow might have a certain risk of vacuum, but it is a calculated risk, as the population firm stand to create a new state foundation, based on a secular social pact will be the anchor of safety.
If it is true that we are surrounded by many regional threats and several internal dire straits, it is also true that postponing our liberation and inner redemption will have a major cost than maintaining and alimenting a mafia in power.
This is not a revolution; it is a rational and encompassing action to reform the Lebanese state from within, and by the people.
A mali estremi, estremi rimedi (extreme diseases require extreme remedies) , and there is a lead in some other countries to show us the way, e.g. http://www.conventionofstates.com/ or http://spn.org/federalism_in_action/
To end I say that the solution is to keep the pressure high and in crescendo and to ask for the resignation of the PM, where the parliament is illegitimate, a founding action will require to elect an interim president that will supervise the emergency and be the symbol of the nation/state unity.
A transitional emergency cabinet will be formed and there will be a need for a new electoral law to be discussed and approved and new parliament to be elected.
Only after a constitutional amendment can the interim president resign and a new president will be elected to direct and co-manage normalcy with the new cabinet and majlis.
“ …..Hardliner and bigotry we fear , To influence some fragile souls , Lured by money they lend ear . Might push our peace in dark hole, Our country dwells in our heart ,Don’t change it by earth’s gold, If we stumble once we’d restart, It’s ours definitely we hold.” http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/lebanon-8/